Figurative Language

SOPHIMAA (similes, onomatopeia, personification, hyperbole, imagery, metphors, alliteration, and allusion.)

  • similes and metaphors
  • personification
  • imagery:  appeals to the five senses
  • onomatopeia–pow, boom, buzz, quack, crinckle, swoosh, splish-splash
  • hyperbole
    • I’m so tired that I could sleep for a year.
    • I’m so hungry that I could eat a horse.
    • I have the strength of 100 warriors.
    • He is as skinny as a toothpick.
    • This knapsack weighs a ton!
    • I have wept a million tears.
  • alliteration
    • Robert Frost, “”I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet”
    • pumpkin patch pixie
    • festival of figurative and fanciful phrasing
    • delightful, delicious, delectable desserts
    • the dry and desolate desert
  • Allusion
    • Historical:  He’s the Benedict Arnold of our swim team, swimming slowly so the other side might win.
    • Historical / Art:  My sister sat there with the slightest of smiles, like the Mona Lisa; what was she thinking?
    • Mythological:  My Achilles heel, or my fundamental weakness, is my fondness for chocolate.
    • Popular Culture:  That child is such a liar, he’s just a little Pinocchio.
    • Mythology:  Best to leave that Pandora’s box of questions closed.
    • Mythology:  He seems to have the Midas touch; he is so lucky, everything goes his way.
    • Literature:  Don’t be such a Scrooge.
    • Biblical:  He seemed as old as Noah.
    • Biblical:  Don’t be such a doubting Thomas; learn to trust people!
    • Pop culture:  At midnight, I turn into a pumpkin.